What are causes of acne?| Acne definition and symptoms

Acne is one of the most common skin disease that most of the people are going through. Honestly speaking it is a skin problem which every person faces in some point of his life. 
causes of acne
Causes of acne

Specially at the stage of puberty when hormones are fluctuating which become one of the major causes of acne and other skin related issues. But hold on! You really don't have to worry a lot about this problem as it is not a serious issue and in most of the cases it is healed itself by taking proper care of your skin and applying natural home remedy.

If you want to treat that painful and reddish bump on your face than you will have to look out for what are causes of acne which is responsible for this skin problem. But before jumping into the topic that what are causes of acne let us know that what acne actually is? 

What is acne?

Acne is an inflammatory skin disease which grows mainly on face (cheeks, nose, forehead, chin) , shoulder, arms, neck and back. It is a disease which mostly affects the teenagers due to the hormonal factor. 

It also occurs on women at their late twenty. Acne is not actually caused by bacteria although it plays a very important role in causing the acne to grow.

 Causes of acne

Our skin has a special type of glands under the epidermal layer which produces oil or sebum which has a very major role in keeping our skin moisturized and lubricated. This gland is called the sebaceous gland

But wait , before you assume this gland to be a very helpful and supportive gland for our skin , let me tell you that this gland is the villain of  the causes of acne.

Of course everything is good until it is over-used. In this case when the over-secretion of sebum or oil by sebaceous gland due to hormonal changes at the time of puberty. 

This oil in the hair follicle combines with the dead skin cells and the bacteria forming a plug in the pores which eventually causes inflammation. The deeper inflammation on the skin surface results in papule (pimple), further deeper inflammation causes cyst.

Acne is therefore caused to a person who has an oily skin type. It can also cause other skin related problems such as dark spots, acne scars, whiteheads and blackheads.

Other causes of acne

We have already understood that what are causes of acne that is the hormones oil produced from sebaceous glands, the dead skin cells and the bacteria on our skin surface but let me make you aware of the fact that these are not the only factors.

There are some other major causes of acne which contribute to this problem. These causes of acne are listed below:


In many of the cases the problem of acne and pimple is hereditary where the person whose parents having a severe acne issue is more likely to face the problem of acne and pimple.


There are many such skin care products which clogs the pore of your skin causing acne or pimple. one should always see the list of ingredients listed at the product and should make sure that it is a water based product if you deal with an oily skin.

Foods that causes acne

If you are a fried food lover than sorry to say that it is one of the most common causes of acne. As the oily fried food or saturated fats accelerates the sebaceous gland to produce more sebum thus causing acne. Even avoid eating sugar based food which also contributes in the causing of pimple.

Stress factor

stress is a cause that has no contribution in causing acne directly but is indirectly a causes of acne. Due to stress our body  produces an hormone called Cortisol which eventually becomes a causes of acne.

Improper medication

Some medication includes Androgen and Lithium which contributes as a cause of acne in our skin.


In women acne can also be caused due to the hormonal changes in their body at the time of menstruation.


After knowing the causes of acne it becomes important to have a look over the symptoms of the acne.  Acne signs and symptoms are different depending upon the seriousness of the acne. It may include :
  • Redness 
  • Swelling
  • Small red tender bumps
  • pimples filled with pus at tip

How should I avoid acne?

If you want to avoid this skin problem than it must be now easier as you have got to know the causes of acne and its symptoms. Following are some tips you could follow to avoid acne.

  • Wash your face twice daily with a good face wash containing about 2% of salicylic acid.
  • Avoid rubbing your face with towel rather always dap to dry your skin.
  • Moisturize your skin with an oil free moisturizer.
  • Avoid eating too much junk food, shift to a healthier and proper diet.
  •  Exfoliate twice a week.
  • Use face home-made face masks to reduce oil from your skin.
Hope that these information were valuable and helped you getting out the causes of acne, its symptoms and ways to avoid it.

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